He was charged with over twenty offences, which included aiding the enemy and was the most serious charge, which could have resulted in a death sentence. He was held at the Marine Corps Brig, in Quantico in Virginia under solitary confinement, which led to international concerns. He pleaded guilty to 10 of the charges and the trial on the remaining charges resulted in him being convicted of twenty one charges, but was acquitted of aiding the enemy. He was sentenced to thirty five years imprisonmentn and is serving his sentence at the maximum-security prison at Fort Leavenworth.
In relation to the disclosures of the whistleblower, The Guardian's editor, said: "I can't think of a time when there was ever a story generated by a news organisation where the White House, the Kremlin, Chávez, India, China, everyone in the world was talking about these things - I've never known a story that created such mayhem that wasn't an event like a war or a terrorist attack."
While still in the military he was diagnosed with 'trans-gender disorder' and is now classed as a 'trans woman' and now goes by the first name Chelsea.